Harris Found that people at the front of a cue were less aggressive if someone pushed in, whereas people at the back of a long cue were feeling a greater sense of frustration and therefore mad a bigger fuss.
Children observe aggressive behavior in others, but how they act may depend on what the consequences of aggression were, particularly for those they use as role models. The Kung San tribe of the kalahari desert are seen to have extremely low levels of aggression and violence among their people.
Increased space for inmates showed no decrease in violent incidence. The Sry gene was associated with high levels of aggression, suggesting that genes and hormones interact and that sex chromosome genes also have a role.
This study however does not explain why the behaviour was imitated without reinforcements. Social learning theory is a more holistic approach which allows for biology and cognitive explanations to also have a role.
A study showed that the increase in potential threat showed that anxiety increased and therefore violence would simulteaneously. Vicarious learning can account for the absence of any reinforcement which suggests the explanation has validity. Deterministic approach- to suggest child would passively absorb the observed behaviour and imitate it without logical thought for the implication of it.
Societies will be more stable and peaceful if they have systems which allow clever or hardworking people to rise to the top. For example a group of hissing geese can drive off a fox, even though the fox would probably win a straight fight.
Social Learning Theory - AO1 Social Learning Theory Bandura Bandura beleived that children learned through observing what a significant other did, such as a parent and repeating the action.
Bushman does not agree with idea of Catharsis — says that aggression may lead to more aggression. The control condition saw no consequences for the aggressive behaviour. Findings revealed testosterone levels governed aggression.
Nurses uniform study Diminished Self-Awareness Unself-conscious, deindividuated people are less restrained, less self-regulated, more likely to act without thinking about their own values and more responsive to the situation than self-conscious people Loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster anonymity and draw attention away from the individual Group Size: However for learning to take place the child needs to learn what they have done in the behaviour, in Banduras Bo Bo doll experiment parents were hitting a doll.
Being disguised, or part of a crowd, will therefore lead to increased aggression.
However, the experiments which have been done on mice relate to chemicals and genes which are very similar. Weaknesses The studies into social learning theory lack ecological validity as they were conducted in an artificial laboratory where it is difficult to generalise the findings into real world situations.
Procedures One group of children simply saw a film of an adult model kicking and punching the Bobo doll. Men will only fight if those who share the rewards also share the danger. Jealous males are determined to pass on their OWN genes. Key Social Learning Theory Studies For Aggression Bandura et al conducted a study involving children who observed an adult model engaging in aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour towards a life sized inflatable bobo doll.
The group who saw the model rewarded as well as the control group who saw no reinforcement displayed similar levels of aggression. Often one person, or a few people will behave in a certain way which others like - so they copy.
Bigger crowds lead to more anonymity Physical Anonymity Study: Bandura shows people may learn aggressive behaviour through observation Structural causes: Priks has tried to explain football violence this way. For example a group of hissing geese can drive off a fox, even though the fox would probably win a straight fight.
It was found that there was a positive correlation between the number of violent incidents occurring and outsiders competing against the home team in football matches. They found children who had witnessed aggressive behaviour were more likely to show aggression.
For behaviour to be imitated however there needs to be an expectation of reinforcement or reward for it to be displayed. Another major strength for social learning theory is that it can account for differences in aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour both between and within each individual. Through most of evolution there was no money, no real property, so women were the only target of aggression.
Another major strength for social learning theory is that it can account for differences in aggressive and non-aggressive behaviour both between and within each individual. Social learning Theory In the s Social learning theory seen as a challenge to behaviorists Suggested children learn things even without doing them, through observational learning and modelling.
The ethological explanation of aggressionincluding reference to innate releasing mechanisms and fixed action patterns.
Group aggression as a response to xenophobia would ensure protection of resources and increase chances of survival and reproduction of the group if they are successful.
Assumes humans have no choice and will follow primitive behavior patterns. If the geese survive, then the gene which led to that aggressive response will be passed on. People in groups become infected with a kind of group hysteria and act in ways they would not do on their own.
Describe and evaluate social explanations of aggression. Aggression can be defined in many different ways.
Bandura suggests that it is the intent to cause harm to another human being who is motivated to avoid such treatment. Social psychological approaches to explaining aggression Social psychological theories of aggression, for example, social learning theory, deindividuation.
Explanations of institutional aggression. Social learning theory was created by Bandura and Walters () to explain aggression and the acquiring of new behaviour.
They felt aggression could not be explained solely through the use of behaviourism and learning theory principles with only direct. May 14, · Download in MP3 format to listen to on the go: A short video revision guide for the neural and hormonal explanations of aggression, tailored to the A01 speci.
Jun 14, · Posts about Aggression PSYA3 written by psychologya2modelanswers. Outline a piece of research on ONE social psychological theory of aggression (8) Evaluate one social psychological theory of aggression (16) A criticism of the neural and hormonal explanations of aggression is that they are deterministic and reductionist.
Social Psychological Theories of Agression SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF AGGRESSION A number of theories have been put forward by psychologists to explain aggression in terms of social or psychological factors.Psya3 social explanations of aggression